Bandwidth management is a process of controlling the amount of data that can be transmitted or received over a network in a given time. Bandwidth management can help improve the quality of service (QoS) for network users by preventing congestion, prioritizing traffic, and allocating resources efficiently. One of the tools that can be used for bandwidth management is WebHTB.
WebHTB (Web Hierarchy Token Bucket) is an open source web-based application that uses the Hierarchical Token Bucket (HTB) algorithm to shape and limit the bandwidth of network clients. WebHTB can be installed on various Linux operating systems and can be accessed through a web browser. WebHTB can provide different bandwidth limits for different classes of clients based on their IP addresses, MAC addresses, or protocols. WebHTB can also monitor the network traffic and generate statistics and graphs.
In this article, we will show you how to install and configure WebHTB on Ubuntu Server 10.10 as an example. You will need a computer with Ubuntu Server 10.10 installed and connected to the internet, and another computer with a web browser to access WebHTB. You will also need root privileges on the Ubuntu Server.
Step 1: Install Apache, PHP, and MySQL
WebHTB requires Apache, PHP, and MySQL to run. To install them, open a terminal on the Ubuntu Server and run the following commands:
Then, extract the archive and move it to the Apache web root directory:
tar xvf webhtb-0-7-9.tar.gz
sudo mv webhtb /var/www/
Next, create a MySQL database and user for WebHTB using the following commands:
mysql -u root -p
Enter password: *****
mysql> create database webhtb;
mysql> grant all privileges on webhtb.* to 'webhtb'@'localhost' identified by 'webhtb';
mysql> flush privileges;
Replace 'webhtb' with your own password for the WebHTB user.
Finally, import the WebHTB database schema using the following command:
mysql -u webhtb -p webhtb < /var/www/webhtb/sql/webhtb.sql
Enter password: *****
Step 3: Configure WebHTB
To configure WebHTB, open a web browser on another computer and enter the IP address of the Ubuntu Server followed by /webhtb in the address bar. For example:
You will see the WebHTB login page. The default username and password are admin and admin. You should change them after logging in.
After logging in, you will see the WebHTB dashboard. Here you can add, edit, delete, enable, or disable classes and filters for bandwidth management. You can also view the network traffic statistics and graphs.
A class is a group of clients that share a common bandwidth limit. A filter is a rule that matches a client based on its IP address, MAC address, or protocol. You can assign a class to a filter to apply the bandwidth limit to the matched client.
To add a class, click on Classes in the menu bar and then click on Add Class. You will need to enter a name, a parent class (if aa16f39245